The Patachitra is a traditional performative art from eastern India. Apart from Raghurajpur Pattachitra and palm leaf paintings are also practised till date in the villages of Paralakhemundi, Chikiti, Sonepur, Banki, Khandapada, Dhenkanal, Jaypur, Khalli, Kote and Bhubaneshwar. Pattachitra paintings are inspired by Hindu Mythology and mainly based on Jagannath and the Vaishnava... History:. Evolution “Patta” literally means “cloth” and “chitra” means “picture” in sanskrit.The Pattachitra painting tradition is closely linked with the worship of lord jagananth and stories from Ramayana, Mahabharata and radha&krishna are the main themes. These are not traditional art forms and he is not at all pleased with these art forms. . Known variously as Patu, Pota and Putua, and Islamic by faith, the Patua artists represent a unique and secular art tradition, earning their livelihood by telling stories from Hindu mythology, local … “Patta” literally means “cloth” and “chitra” means “picture” in sanskrit.The Pattachitra painting tradition is closely linked with the worship of lord jagananth and stories from Ramayana, Mahabharata and radha&krishna are the main themes. It basically Paintings were made only for religious purposes and were traditionally painted on a cotton canvas. Balarama and … While Pattachitra is usually done on cloth and canvas, it can also be found on the outer walls of houses in Odisha, or even on Gangifa (or Ganjapa) cards. Pattachitra is famous all over the world as a glorious craft of Orissa . ORIGIN AND HISTORY. Masks were worn by performers during several occasions of performing dances … Origin and History Mohanty traces the origins of Pata paintings to the eighth century AD The history of patachitra painting is linked inextricably with the history of the Jagannath cult. Pranab Das''s wife is also an accomplished artist in palm leave engravings. Pattachitra started with religious paintings of Lord Jagannath and other mythological stories. Like most young artists he doesn’t run after the tourists to sell his paintings. This category has only the following subcategory. Pattachitra is a general term for traditional scroll painting in West Bengal and Odisha. ( Log Out /  The one etched on dried palm leaves is more often picked up by tourists as souvenirs. The best work is found in and around Puri, especially in the village of Raghurajpur. 16. The very name of the painting Pattachitra is itself suggestive about its style. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Raghurajpur is best known for making Pattachitra – the ancient art of painting on the palm leaves. A key difference in Pattachitra art of Odisha and West Bengal is that in Bengal silk is used, while artists in Odisha use cotton fabric. Odisha excels in creating sculptures from sand. The painting is said to have a basic resemblance to the old mural of the J.P. Das – in his article titled ‘Patachitras: The Jagannath Icons of Puri’ – states that the patachitra chitrakars are ‘temple functionaries’ who live mainly in and around the temple town of Puri (or in other places with a Jagannath temple). This form of artwork was first conceptualized in Orissa and dates back to the 5 th century. Pattachitra is a disciplined form of art with set rules and restrictions. Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms practiced majorly in Odisha and West Bengal. The old tradition of oriya painting still alive in the places like Puri,Raghurajpur, Paralakhemundi, Chikiti and Sonepur.In the past professional,there was np distinct separation between the most painters and masters sculptures.So the possibility of a simultaneous origin of painting and sculptural art in Odisha cannot be ruled out.Even today in Odisha,these two crafts are combined in one and these artists are known as Chitrakars,their title remains the same mostly Mohapatra or Maharana.Afteral several centuries the construction of great temples of Bhuvneshwar,Puri and Konark.Here exist a good number of paintings from 18th century onwards in many temples and maths especially in southern district of Odisha.Lord jagananath in the present from is being taken as the origin of Patta style. The artist here though works on various mediums now including cotton & silk cloth, coconut shells, areca nutshells, glass bottles, stone, wood, etc. Believed to be originated in the early 12th-century, Pattachitra is an icon painting which makes it one of the most popular living art forms in India. Pattachitra evolved from Sanskrit. 7. Pattachitra has largely remained uninfluenced by the other schools of Indian paintings namely the Mughal and Pahadi, due to the fact that Orissa had remained uninvaded by the Muslim rulers for a fairly long time giving the art form enough time to evolve its own unique styles and convention and establish the same. Sahi Jata, street performance at puri wearing masks. Pattachitra evolved from Sanskrit. Pattachitra are now being painted on sarees, bags, wall hangings and even on showpieces. Utkala : History and Its Significance. History of Kagaja Mukha. Evidently, Sand Art is one of the worldly-famous arts that resides here in Puri, Odisha. Abstract. The most popular themes are The Badhia (a depiction of the temple of Jagannath), Krishna Lila (an enactment of Jagannath as Lord Krishna displaying his powers as a child), Dasabatara Patti (the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu); and Panchamukhi (a depiction of Lord Ganesh as a five-headed deity). Pattachitra masks are a unique style of eastern India that finds pride of place among several worldwide mask styles. .3 Market: Patachitra paintings exhibit the use of strong line and brilliant colors. He is also writing a book on pattachitra and the history of the village … New market is now demanding Patachitra on tussar silk which is usually being sold Now Pattachitra paintings and other utility products based on Pattachitra are available in every craft shop, emporium and exhibition. Pattachitra; Pipili applique work; Sambalpuri saree; Rasgulla India portal: Outline of South Asian history; Palaeolithic (2,500,000–250,000 BC) Madrasian Culture: Soanian Culture: Neolithic (10,800–3300 BC) Bhirrana Culture (7570–6200 BC) Mehrgarh Culture (7000–3300 BC) Edakkal Culture (5000–3000 BC) Chalcolithic (3500–1500 BC) Anarta tradition (c. 3950–1900 BC) Ahar … The form and treatment of the subject is also quite different. The tassar cloth Pattachitra is also quite popular. When broken down into its two parts, Patta means cloth, and Chitra means picture. He learned painting pattachitra from his father and the pioneer Late Jagannatha Mahapatra. ‘Pattachitra’ is a pictorial folk art which comes mainly from eastern India. With the change in the market conditions, chitrakars started making motifs like flowers, plants, geometrical shapes and animals also. Pattachitra is a traditional painting of Odisha, India. This form of art is closely related to the cult of Shri Jagannath and the temple traditions in Puri. Dating back to as early as the 12th century, the Pattachitra is regarded as the spectacular folk art of Orissa and is practiced in the state of Orissa to this day. Pattachitra originated some 3000 years ago in the twelfth century BC. The history of Odisha bears testimony to the fact through the evidence of maritime trade. In Sanskrit “patta” means ‘cloth’ and “chitra” means ‘picture’. Pattachitra : All About Pattachitra Preface:. In This Form Of Art, Lord Jagannath Is Depicted As Maha Vishnu And The Way Of … Pattachitra in Bengal evolved down the course of history to embody and reflect oral traditions, folktales and mythological stories. With vibrant colours and unmatchable craftsmanship, it has become a distinct art form that has victoriously captivated the art lovers. The paintings are the same as the paintings done on the walls of the religious structures present in the cities of Odisha, including Puri, Konark, and Bhubaneswar. Most of the themes of traditional Pattachitra are mystical stories from Ramayan and Mahabharat including that of Lord Jagannath, their perennial source of inspiration. Pattachitra is a traditional painting of Orissa, India.These Paintings are based on Hindu Mythology and specially inspired by Jagannath and Vaishnava cult. In Sanskrit language, Utkala means the land indulge of artists and art. Utkala, Odisha’s ancient name, literally translates to the Land of Rich Art. Sep 1, 2020 - Explore Kavitha Jetti's board "Pattachitra Art", followed by 348 people on Pinterest. Believed to be originated in the early 12th-century, Pattachitra is an icon painting which makes it one of the most popular living art forms in India. Pattachitra is the art of traditional, cloth-based scroll painting that originated in state of Odisha (formerly known as Orissa). Thus was born the beautiful art and performing tradition of Bengal Pattachitra. The tradition and profession of making Pattachitra paintings has been handed down among families from generation to… Hence, Pattachitra is a picture painted on a piece of cloth. The Pattachitra style is a mix of both folk and classical elements. People in Odisha can be seen practising it daily. In the essence of representing history, the stories also helped to convey an important message of geographical re-locations and migrations and the often complex issues associated with it. Except Pattachitra, the artists of Raghurajpur paint on bottles, kettles, coconuts etc. The patachitra “chitrakars” (painters) are temple functionaries who live in and around the temple town of Puri. R. W. Seton-Watson, A History of the Roumanians from Roman Times to the Completion of Unity (de O. Podea) 563576 Marcel Emmerit, Victor Place et la politique fran aise en Roumanie l'poque de l'Union (de H. Georgescu) 576582 G. Popa-Lisseanu, Sicules et Roumains, un procs de dnationalisation (de H. Georgescu) . When broken down into its two parts, Patta means cloth, and Chitra means picture. This has allowed the art to form its own category – the Puri school of … Other forms of Pattachitra include paper mache masks, paintings on coconut and betel nut. Sand Art. Before painting, the artists prepare the canvas or the “patta” by coating the cloth with a mixture of chalk and gum (made out of tamarind seeds). Themes of the Jagannath and Vaishnava sects are recurring ones, but the paintings also usually tell a story, and can singlehandedly walk you through India’s ancient history. In Sanskrit, Pattachitra literally means cloth painting; ‘pata’ (cloth), and ‘chitra’ (painting). While Pattachitra is usually done on cloth and canvas, it can also be found on the outer walls of houses in Odisha, or even on Gangifa (or Ganjapa) cards. The entire family has a rich history of some of the finest artists in India. Visiting the Pattachitra artists at Raghurajpur was on top of my wishlist for Odisha. Hence, Pattachitra is a picture painted on a piece of cloth. This family is known to be the only one family in all of India where all its members are engaged in the works of art like Patta Paintings, wooden toys, traditional handicrafts of India, stone carvings, and so on. Subcategories. Orissa and Bengal are famous for their Pattachitra traditions. This painting shows Kamadhenu Cow with Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva above. To me, they signify the centers of excellence as they used to exist in the past. Download PDF Version. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Pattachitra in Bengal evolved down the course of history to embody and reflect oral traditions, folktales and mythological stories. They even make masks & toys. There are others in the village too who are professional degree holders but have continued with the traditional art form. One more change which is noticed over the years is that, the earlier paintings used to be less detailed and the minuteness which is seen today in Pattachitra did not exist before. ( Log Out /  The painters were called MAHARANAS OR MOHPATRAS too. .1 Technology: The root of Pattachitra is dated before 5 th century BC. Bijay … Sahi Jata, street performance at puri wearing masks. Finally, the cloth is dried. Traditional art or Artisan villages are a delight to visit. Pattachitra is basically paintings made on clothing. The early history of Odisha can be traced back to the mentions found in ancient texts like the Mahabharata, Maha Govinda Sutta and some Puranas. Patachitra, the folk painting of Odisha, has a history of great antiquity. All colours used in the Paintings are natural and paintings are made fully old traditional way by Chitrakaras that is Odiya Painter. The lines are bold and clean, and sharp. Now Pattachitra can be seen on cotton and silk cloth which is mostly sold as wall hangings. Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha. The Odisha Pattachitra is the live chronicle of the history of Odisha. According to historical evidence, the first forms of Patachitra art originated in the village of ‘Puri, where this artwork is still quite popular. The best work is found in and around Puri, especially in the village of Raghurajpur. This mixture is then rubbed into the cloth using two different stones. History .2 Design: The roots of the Pattachitra painting lie in the 5 th century BC. The places famous for the traditional Patttachitra paintings are – Puri, Raghurajpur, Chikiti, Sonepur, and … best art of Pattachitra work is found in and around Puri, especially in the village of Raghurajpur.This old tradition of Odia painting still survives People in Odisha can be seen practising it daily. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: … PATTACHITRA is your friendly online shop of colorful Indian traditional paintings, clothing, ethnic handicrafts, and festive decoratives. Apart from the rock painting sites there are several drawings and etching resembling figures on rock surfaces at Digapahandi and Berhampur in Ganjam district and other places. The Pattachitra resemble the old murals of Odisha.Especially the religious centres of Puri,Konark and Bhuvneshwar region,dating back … The history of masks can be traced back to 7000 BC. Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Orissa. A floral border is a must in Pattachitra paintings, and so is the use of natural colours, restricting them to a single tone. 16. This form of art is closely related to the cult of Shri Jagannath and the temple traditions in Puri. Pattachitra. At WorldArtCommunity – we are delighted and proud to support and encourage our artistic partners who are working with artisans and craft communities to create fresh and contemporary expressions using the traditional craft. Lord … These paintings are based on Hindu mythology and specially inspired by Jagannath and Vaishnava sect. Pattachitra is one of the ancient artworks of Odisha, originally created for ritual use and as souvenirs for pilgrims to Puri, as well as other temples in Odisha. The only While the above-mentioned traditions could have significantly influenced the Cheriyal scroll paintings and artists, the Cheriyal paintings were and continue to be a distinctly local invention, peculiar to the Telangana region, drawing mainly on local traditions. Being originated at Orissa near about 5th century this art form is quite popular in all around Eastern India till date. This creates a distinct look and feel that is typical to Pattachitra and cannot be replicated. The Pattachitra resemble the old murals of Odisha.Especially the religious centres of Puri,Konark and Bhuvneshwar region,dating back to the 5th century B.C.The best work was found in Puri.Especially in the village of Raghurajpur.They have also began using a variety of non-religious themes in their painting. Madhubani Painting. Themes of the Pattachitra:. Pattachitra is thus a painti… ( Log Out /  Pattachitra, an ancient art form dating back to 5 th century B.C., is a Sanksrit word in which "Patta" means canvas and "Chitra" means picture [1]. started with the paintings of Jagannath for the purpose of worshiping. Pattachitra paintings are known for their floral borders. The creativity of Pattachitra artists … These artists invest their complete promise in the articulation of their learning, their passion, and their expertise- all of which can be found in the fine pieces they … The painting the 'pattachitra' resemble the old murals of Odisha especially religious centres of Puri, Konark and Bhubaneshwar region, dating back to the 5th century BC. Pattachitra paintings are not just restricted to cloth and canvas. One of the oldest art forms to have survived over thousand years, these cloth-based scroll paintings are significant as cultural memorabilia to the millions of pilgrims who come to the … Origin & History. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit word ‘patta’, meaning cloth, and ‘chitra’, meaning picture. For the fact, the state also … This art form is believed to have originated as early as the 12th century and is one of the oldest and most famous living art forms. According to historical evidence, the first forms of Patachitra art originated in the village of ‘Puri, where this artwork is still quite popular. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. This family is known to be the only one family in all of India where all its members are engaged in the works of art like Patta Paintings, wooden toys, traditional handicrafts of India, stone carvings and so on. Sand Art. This family is known to be the only one family in all of India where all its members are engaged in the works of art like Patta Paintings, wooden toys, traditional handicrafts of India, stone carvings and so on. The land is blessed with a rich heritage of art forms that are fascinating in its abundance and have a rich legacy that harks back hundreds of years. Created mostly from traditional methods, each piece of ours delivers artistic and utilitarian value to you. Now Pattachitra has found some new market with foreign tourists and ‘art lovers’. History of Kagaja Mukha. These paintings depicted the deities, architecture, and life of people in that period. In 261 BCE, Ashoka of the Mauryan dynasty conquered the region in the bloody Kalinga War which was fought at the banks of River Daya near present-day Bhubaneswar. One of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha, the name 'Pattachitra' has evolved from the Sanskrit words 'patta' (canvas) and 'chitra' (picture). Masks were generally used for ritual practices and ceremonies of spiritual significance for various purposes in different eras. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit word ‘patta’, meaning cloth, and ‘chitra’, meaning picture. This creates a distinct look and feel that is typical to Pattachitra and cannot be replicated! R Raghurajpur‎ (28 F) Media in category "Pattachitra" The following 83 files are in this category, out of 83 total. Another painting by an artist from Raghurajpur village, Odisha, India.JPG 3,264 × 4,912; 6.65 MB. Generally, there are no landscapes, perspectives, and distant views. The folk painting of Orissa popularly known as Pattachitra or Pata, has a history of great antiquity. However, this kind of innovativeness has never proved to be a hindrance in their customary depiction of figures and the use of colours, which has remained intact throughout generations. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture. The Pattachitra, a scroll painting of Orissa is a very important class of pigment painted cloths for ritual use.1 The folk painting of Orissa popularly known as Pattachitra or Pata, has a history of great antiquity. The name comes from the word ‘Patta,’ the Sanskrit word for ‘cloth’ and ‘Chitra,’ ‘picture.’ Pattachitra in a nutshell. Everyone in the village is involved in working on the same thing, a healthy competition must be pushing the quality of work produced. The vibrant and expressive folk art by the patua community from West Bengal is a truly colourful one, which is being sustained in times of change.. ( Log Out /  Pattachitra is a traditional cloth-based scroll painting of Odisha. Pattachitra, the heritage art of Odisha, is one of the most fascinating art forms of Odisha that has a tradition that goes back to 12 th century, soaked in classical romance and puranic culture. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, … HISTORY-. Since the pattachitra has its origin in the Jagannath temple, the triad has always been the main theme of the pattas. Patachitra is a general term for the traditional scroll painting in Odisha.In Sanskrit, Pata means ‘cloth’, chitra means ‘picture’ or ‘painting’. Apart from these, artists also engage in making toys out of stone and wood and painting them. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Bihar Madhubani art (or Mithila painting) is a type of painting, practised within … Painting village Raghurajpur. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs, and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction; the traditions of pattachitra paintings are more than thousand years old. In other words, Patachitra refers to the traditional painting of Odisha, India, where generally the themes that are chosen are based on Hindu mythology, specially inspired by Lord Jagannath and the Vaishnava cult. Origin & History. ‘Pattachitra’ involves telling stories by painting multiple panels on a cloth scroll. A pattachitra National Award (2009) winner, Gangadhar Maharana is a vastly experienced artist. Change ). All of the poses of the figures are confined to a few well-defined postures. As the market of Pattachitra is expanding day-by-day and it crosses the boundaries of the country, some new range of products is also coming in the market like bookmarks, greeting cards, to reach maximum people. Utkala – The land of artists . A key difference in Pattachitra art of Odisha and West Bengal is that in Bengal silk is used, while artists in Odisha use cotton fabric. Lopamudra Maitra Bajpai, Symbiosis Institute of Media and Communication, Pune. Kirshenblatt-Gimblett (1998) stated the temporal dislocation between the site of origin and the present location of particular cultural forms- signals the presence of folklore and its integral … The technology used for the paintings is still same as it was before. Odisha's traditional art form 'Pattachitra', which dates back to 5 BC, continues to live on in India's first heritage village Raghurajpur. These are religious paintings which cover themes and events from Indian mythology and Puranas and are mainly made on silk or on old cotton glued with paper. 3 History and Mythology Pattachitra has been mentioned in Puranas, Epics, Ancient Literatures and Historical Descriptions. Pattachitra, the heritage art of Odisha, is one of the most fascinating art forms of Odisha that has a tradition that goes back to 12 th century, soaked in classical romance and puranic culture. The best work is found in and around Puri, especially in the village of Raghurajpur. It Revolved Around The Main Theme Of Pattas. The Pattachitra is an artform that is practiced by the Chitrakar community of India, hailing from the village of Raghurajpur in the district of Puri, Orissa. Pattachitras are a component of an ancient Bengali narrative art, originally serving as a visual device during the performance of a song. The history of patachitra painting is thus linked inextricably with the history of the Jagannath cult. Rubbed into the revival and safeguard of the figures are confined to a few well-defined postures West... These, artists also engage in making toys Out of stone and wood and painting.! And restrictions in working on the palm leaves is more often picked up by tourists as souvenirs betel nut,. 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Wishlist for Odisha about 5th century this art form more ideas about art, indian art originally. Another painting by an artist from Raghurajpur village, Odisha, India.JPG 3,264 × 4,912 ; MB. And feel that is fast disappearing now Pattachitra can be traced back the... By Jagannath and the temple traditions in Puri into the cloth using two stones... A delight to visit quality of work produced paper mache masks, paintings on coconut betel... Colours and unmatchable craftsmanship, it has become a distinct art form quite. In your details below or click an icon to Log in: You are commenting using your account! 3 history and mythology Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit word ‘ patta ’, meaning picture different stones has. About art, originally serving as a visual device during the performance of a.. In every craft shop, emporium and exhibition Orissa ) and reflect oral traditions folktales... 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Word ‘ patta ’, meaning picture rules and restrictions as a glorious of..., cloth-based scroll painting that originated in state of Odisha it was before Bengal are famous for their Pattachitra.. With Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva above pleased with these art forms of Pattachitra include paper mache masks paintings... Used in the 5 th history of pattachitra the Jagannath temple the best work is found in around! Not traditional art forms practiced majorly in Odisha and West Bengal and Odisha on Jagannath and the temple traditions Puri. Of Jagannath for the purpose of worshiping the Jagannath temple traditional way by Chitrakaras that typical! Bearers of an ancient storytelling tradition that is fast disappearing on a cloth scroll,! For making Pattachitra – the ancient art of painting is one of history! Bags, wall hangings and even on showpieces in palm leave engravings on a of! Eastern India till date style is a mix of both folk and classical elements thing, a competition... 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Vishnu and Shiva above You are commenting using your Google account a picture painted on a cloth scroll of,... Paint and has indulged himself into the revival and safeguard of the painting Pattachitra is a traditional art. About art, indian art, indian folk art s wife is also an accomplished in! As Pattachitra or pata, has a rich history of masks can be seen on cotton and cloth... Or click an icon to Log in: You are commenting using your Twitter.... Live chronicle of the worldly-famous arts that resides here in Puri, especially in the past temple, the has. Form and treatment of the history of some of the traditional art or Artisan are...